gen_161.1.gif
gen_162.1.gif
gen_163.1.gif
gen_164.1.gif
gen_165.1.gif
gen_166.1.gif
gen_167.1.gif
gen_263.1.gif
gen_168.1.gif
gen_169.1.gif
gen_231.1.gif
gen_172.1.gif
gen_180.1.gif
gen_219.1.gif
gen_237.1.gif
gen_250.1.gif
gen_258.1.gif
gen_252.1.gif
gen_301.1.gif
e-mail me



 

GLOSSARY

    JAPANESE TERMS and PHRASES


GENERAL

AIKIDO:                  "The Way of Harmony"
ARIGATO GOZAIMASHITA:                Thank you very much
BOKKEN:                  Wooden replica of samurai sword
BUDO:                A code of manner and behaviour for the samurai's life
BUKIWAZA:                  Weapons technique
DOGI:                  Uniform worn when studying an art or way
HAKAMA:             A divided skirt-like pair of pants worn by instructors
MA-AI:                 Appropriate distance such that a technique can be done well
OSU:                A strong, positive budo salutation indicating mutual respect
SEMPAI:                  Senior student
TANTO:                  Wooden knife

BASIC MOVEMENTS

KAMAE                Basic Stance

SEIZA-HO               Correct way of sitting

REI-HO               Etiquette and correct way of bowing

SHIKKO-HO       Knee-walking

TAI NO HENKO ICHI        Cross step in body change (solo)   Step in movement when pulled

TAI NO HENKO NI      95 degree pivot (solo)      Turning movement when pushed

HIRIKI NO YOSEI ICHI    Elbow power #1 (solo)     Forward movement when pulled

HIRIKI NO YOSEI NI    Elbow power #2 (solo)    Shifting weight movement

SHUMATSU DOSA ICHI     After class exercise #1 (solo)     Forward movement when pulled

SHUMATSU DOSA NI     After class exercise #2 (solo)      Pivoting movement when pushed


TERMS USED IN CLASS

ANZA:   Cross-leg sitting position      
SEIRETSU:  Line up
HAJIME:  Begin          
SEIZA:   Kneeling position
KAKARI GEIKO:  "Round robin" training      
SENSEI:  Teacher
KAMAE:  Basic stance      
SENSEI NI REI:  Bow to teacher
MOKUSO:  Close your eyes and clear your mind  
SHITE:  The partner who executes a technique
ONAJIKU:  Change stance to other side  
SHITE, UKE KOTAI:  Shite and uke change
OTAGAI NI REI:  Bow to each other      
SHOMEN NI REI:  Bow to front    
REI:  Bow          
UKE: The partner who receives a technique
YAME:   Stop        
ZANSHIN - Pause at end of technique for concentration and power


NUMBERS

1.    Ichi                        6.    Roku  
2.    Ni                          7.    Shichi   
3.    San                       8.    Hachi  
4.    Shi                         9.    Kyu  
5.    Go                           10.    Ju      


SHITE'S & UKE's MOVEMENTS

ATEMI:  Hit or punch                                               
AYA MOCHI:  Cross-wrist grasp
ERI MOCHI:  Collar grasp
HIJISHIME:  Elbow lock       
GANMENZUKI:  Face thrust
IKKAJO:  First control or throw   
HIJI MOCHI:  Elbow grasp
IRIMINAGE:  Step in throw       
KATA MOCHI:  Shoulder grasp
IRIMIZUKI:  Step in thrust       
KATATE MOCHI:  One wrist grasp   
MUNE MOCHI:  Chest grasp
KOKYU HO:  Breath method       
RYOTE MOCHI:  Both wrists grasp
KOKYUNAGE:  Breath throw       
SHOMENUCHI:  Front strike
KOTEGAESHI:  Reverse hand throw   
SHOMEN TSUKI:  Body punch
NIKAJO:      Second control or throw             
SANKAJO:      Third control or throw           
YOKOMENUCHI:  Side strike
SHIHONAGE:  All direction throw
SOKUMEN IRIMINAGE:   Side step in throw
TENCHINAGE:  Heaven and earth throw
UNDEGARAMI NAGE:  Arm-lock throw
YONKAJO:  Fourth control or throw